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UK bans Huawei from its new 5G network

Government says Huawei 5G kit must be removed from UK by 2027

  • Government today announced Chinese tech giant Huawei will be banned from the UK’s new 5G network
  • It will be illegal for telecoms firms in Britain to buy Huawei 5G equipment from December 31 of this year  
  • Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden said all Huawei 5G technology will then be stripped out of network by 2027
  • Government had given Huawei the green light in January to help build the network amid security concerns
  • US sanctions recently imposed on the firm prompted a reassessment of the company’s role and today’s U turn
  • Decision to exclude Huawei from 5G network will mean completion of roll out delayed by two to three years
  • Liu Xiaoming, Chinese ambassador to the UK, tweeted it was a ‘disappointing and wrong decision by the UK’

China today threatened to retaliate over the ‘disappointing and wrong’ decision to strip the tech giant out of Britain’s 5G network – adding it was ‘questionable’ if the UK can be an ‘open and fair business’ environment for firms for other countries.

Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden said all of the firm’s existing 5G technology will be stripped out by 2027 in a move which represents a major U-turn after the Government said in January that Huawei would be allowed to help build the infrastructure.

Liu Xiaoming, the Chinese ambassador to the UK, tweeted: ‘Disappointing and wrong decision by the UK on Huawei.

‘It has become questionable whether the UK can provide an open, fair and non-discriminatory business environment for companies from other countries.’

The reaction from China signals a reversal in relations since former prime minister David Cameron heralded a ‘golden era’ between the two countries less than five years ago.

Huawei labelled the move ‘disappointing’ and said it was ‘bad news for anyone in the UK with a mobile phone’ as the company argued its future in Britain had become ‘politicised’.

Under the Government’s plans telecoms firms will be prohibited from purchasing any new Huawei 5G equipment after December 31 this year and all of its hardware will be removed from the network over the next seven years.

The decision, agreed by the National Security Council this morning, will delay the completion of the rollout of the network by more than two years and increase costs by up to £2 billion.

The decision was made by the NSC after an assessment of the impact of new US sanctions imposed on Huawei.

The US has long urged its allies not to use Huawei’s technology because of national security concerns – concerns which have always been rejected by the company.

Woody Johnson, the US ambassador to the UK, welcomed the decision to exclude Huawei from the 5G network and tweeted: ‘Britain’s decision to protect its national security by banning Huawei from its 5G network is also a win for fair trade and human rights.’

Mr Dowden said the sanctions imposed by the US meant the UK can ‘no longer be confident it will be able to guarantee the security of future Huawei 5G equipment’.

The announcement came on the same day it emerged Huawei’s UK chairman is to step down early. Lord Browne’s term was due to end in March but the former BP boss is now expected to depart in September.

The decision to ban Huawei will spark Chinese government fury with Beijing having already warned Downing Street it would face ‘consequences’ if it pressed ahead with excluding the company.

But the change in tack delighted Tory MPs who have been pressuring the Government for months to reverse the decision it made in January. However, Conservative backbenchers immediately called for ministers to go even further as they said the seven year timetable for removing equipment must be speeded up.

They also expressed concerns after the Government said Huawei equipment in the UK’s 3G and 4G networks will not be stripped out because it is not judged to be a security risk.

The firm’s technology will also not be removed from the UK’s full fibre broadband network but there will be a technical consultation conducted on moving away from using Huawei in full fibre in the future.

That ‘transition period’ on full fibre is not expected to last more than two years. The reason for the slow move away from Huawei in full fibre has been blamed on the fact that it is currently one of only two available suppliers in the UK, along with Nokia.

The two year transition will be used to try to secure other viable alternative suppliers which could be used in the full fibre network.

New sanctions imposed by the White House stop Huawei from using US technology in its 5G equipment.

And US President Donald Trump’s national security adviser has praised Britain’s decision to remove Huawei from its 5G network.

Robert O’Brien, who is in Europe this week, said: ‘The reported UK action reflects a growing international consensus that Huawei and other untrusted vendors pose a threat to national security, as they remain beholden to the Chinese Communist Party.

‘We look forward to working with the UK, as well as our many other partners and allies, to spur innovation, promote vendor diversity in the 5G supply chain, and ensure 5G security free from dangerous manipulations.’

US secretary of state Mike Pompeo said the UK’s Huawei decision would protect ‘free-world values’.

He tweeted: ‘Today’s decision by the UK to ban Huawei from its 5G networks advances trans-Atlantic security in the 5G era while protecting citizens’ privacy, national security, and free-world values.’

Mr Dowden told MPs that the National Cyber Security Centre had assessed the impact of the sanctions and as a result had ‘significantly changed their security assessment of Huawei’s presence in the UK’s 5G network’.

The NSC, led by Boris Johnson, weighed up the NCSC’s conclusions this morning before agreeing to exclude Huawei from the 5G network.

The Culture Secretary said the ‘uncertainty’ over the status of Huawei’s supply chain meant the UK could ‘no longer be confident it will be able to guarantee the security of future Huawei 5G equipment’.

He said the ‘best way to secure our networks is for operators to stop using new affected Huawei equipment to build the UK’s future 5G networks’.

As a result it will be illegal for telecoms operators to buy Huawei 5G equipment from the end of this year.

On the issue of then completely removing Huawei technology from the network, Mr Dowden said: ‘I know that honourable members have sought a commitment from the Government to remove Huawei equipment from our 5G network altogether.

‘This is why we have concluded that it is necessary and indeed prudent to commit to a timetable for the removal of Huawei equipment from our 5G network by 2027.’

Mr Dowden said the removal of Huawei from the 5G network will be ‘irreversible’ as he admitted it will impact the roll out of the technology across the UK.

He said: ‘This will delay our roll out of 5G. Our decisions in January had already set back that roll out by a year and cost up to a £1billion.

‘Today’s decision to ban the procurement of new Huawei 5G equipment from the end of this year will delay roll out by a further year and will add up to £500 million to costs.

‘Requiring operators in addition to remove Huawei equipment from their networks by 2027 will add hundreds of millions of pounds further to the cost and further delay roll out.

‘This means a cumulative delay to 5G roll out of two to three years and costs of up to £2billion. This will have real consequences for the connections on which all our constituents rely.’

The decision to exclude Huawei from the 5G network will lead to a further deterioration in relations between the UK and China, with tensions already strained because of coronavirus and a row over the imposition of a new national security law on Hong Kong.

Mr Dowden told MPs that the Government is ‘clear eyed’ on its approach to China and that ‘what we want is a modern and mature relationship with China based on mutual respect’.

Ed Brewster, a spokesman for Huawei UK, said: ‘This disappointing decision is bad news for anyone in the UK with a mobile phone. It threatens to move Britain into the digital slow lane, push up bills and deepen the digital divide.

‘Instead of ‘levelling up’ the government is levelling down and we urge them to reconsider.

 ‘We remain confident that the new US restrictions would not have affected the resilience or security of the products we supply to the UK.

‘Regrettably our future in the UK has become politicised, this is about US trade policy and not security.’

Arun Bansal, president of Europe and Latin America for Ericsson said the decision ‘removes the uncertainty that was slowing down investment decisions around the deployment of 5G in the UK’.

The National Cyber Security Centre’s technical director Ian Levy said today’s decision is ‘necessary for the long-term security and resilience of the UK networks’ but that the move comes with ‘significant risks and costs’.

‘The long-term health and diversity of supply in the telecoms sector is a critical issue for all, and it will take concerted, sustained, international effort to fix it,’ he said.

The Government had faced sustained pressure from Tory MPs to rethink its decision in January to grant Huawei a role in the 5G network.

And while today’s move was welcomed, Conservative backbenchers said ministers needed to go further and faster as they questioned why Huawei’s 3G and 4G technology was being allowed to remain in place.

Former Tory leader Iain Duncan Smith said the seven year deadline for the removal of Huawei 5G technology should be brought forward to five years as he said there is ‘no reason why’ action could not be speeded up.

He added: ‘Having said he is getting rid of them in 5G, 4G and 3G Huawei apparently are fine and they can go on for as long as anyone and they will be upgraded in software upgrades for the next decade.

‘If they are a risk in 5G why are they not a risk to us generally?’

Tory backbencher Bob Seely, the co-ordinator of the 60-strong Huawei Interest Group of Conservative MPs – said the move by ministers is a ‘good first decision’ but expressed concerns about the pace of plans to remove equipment.

‘I believe that MPs will have concerns about elements of the statement, including no ban on 3G and 4G and a rip-out date for 5G far into the distance,’ he said in a statement.

‘It does mean Huawei’s glide path out of our critical national infrastructure will be slow. It also means that BT and others could be installing already-bought Huawei kit for well after 2020.

‘Huawei is, by Government’s own definition, a high-risk vendor. We should not, on principle, have high-risk vendors in our critical national infrastructure.’

Tom Tugendhat, the Tory chairman of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee as well as the China Research Group (CRG) of Conservative MPs, tweeted that the Huawei decision was a ‘major victory for Parliament’.

He wrote: ‘Huawei’s position in the UK’s phone networks is now in reverse and our future prosperity will not be tied to a company linked to Chinese state. There’s no point in taking back control from Brussels only to hand it over to Beijing.’

Mr Tugendhat had said overnight that the Government should now take the opportunity to distance itself even further from Beijing.

In a column in The Daily Telegraph, Mr Tugendhat said it was time for the UK to kick its ‘addiction to Beijing tech’.

He said: ‘To keep power distributed and trade on the basis of law, not force, we need a new alliance. Going further than the World Trade Organisation and recognising the importance of India and Nigeria, would reinforce the interdependence of democracies against authoritarian regimes.

‘We have the innovations and size that could create a market for companies that share our values. The majority won’t be British but they’ll share our values, and that will protect us all.’

His sentiment was echoed by former Conservative leader William Hague, who wrote in the Telegraph: ‘What matters is that we should not be strategically dependent on Chinese technology for the future, and that will require building up the production of alternative companies.

‘It is not essential to rip everything out immediately – we just have to be able to maintain our own critical infrastructure for the long term.’

Lord Hague warned Beijing’s ‘ludicrous attempts to shift blame or cover up’ over the coronavirus crisis would harden opinion.

He cautioned there was currently ‘no sign’ that the US and China could find a way of defusing tensions.

‘If that continues, the Government’s retreat on Huawei will be the beginning of a very long march indeed,’ he added.

Source: Daily Mail

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